Usage of large quantities of water in various industries results in a huge amount of wastewater. As per government regulation, wastewater should be treated before discharging it into water streams. Stringent environmental regulations coupled with increased quantity of wastewater is driving the global effluent treatment plants market during the forecast period.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines effluent as waste water that flows out of an industrial outlet, treatment plant and sewer that is discharged into surface water source. Effluent can either be treated or untreated. Every type of industry uses water as a main component. Water is used for various purposes in an industry such as for dilution, washing, steam condensing and injection. The water used for different processes is not totally consumed by them. The remaining water that is not consumed may contain harmful chemical and particles.
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This water needs to be treated before reusing it or discharging it into the surface water. Significantly high amount of water is used by various industries across the globe. If the processed water or unused water is not treated before discharged then it will pollute the environment. The local water resources will get polluted and there will be scarcity of water for drinking or any other use. To treat such huge amount of water, every industry requires an effluent treatment plant.
There are three main category of wastewater treatment plant; sewage water treatment for domestic wastewater, effluent treatment plant and common effluent treatment plans for industrial wastewater. The effluent treatment plant are set up by industries such as pharmaceuticaland chemicalcompanies to remove toxin material from the waste water. In developing countries, government help small scale industries to set up common effluent treatment plants (CETP). These CETPs serve to cluster of industries treating their waste together to remove toxins. This forms an inexpensive option by reducing the investment on individual treatment plant and the space needed. Common effluent treatment plant are usually aided by the state ministries and formed in the special economic zones having similar types of industries. Effluent treatment plant employ wastewater treatment techniques such as flocculation, disinfection, adsorption, evaporation, centrifuging, filtration and incineration.
The global effluents treatment plants market can be segmented on the basis of end user industry into oil and gas, power, chemical, paper, leather and others. In oil and gas industry, water is used for various purposes such as heat transfer medium, hydraulic fracturing, etc.Wastewater produced from every industry has distinct characteristics. Waste water produced from food operations is biodegradable and nontoxic. Whereas the wastewater produced from a chemical plant may be toxic and non-biodegradable. Hence the equipment or the technologies used for effluent treatments may vary according to the characteristics of harmful elements that are present in it. In oil and gas industry, increasing use of water in hydraulic fracturing for shale gas production provides a great opportunity for effluent treatment plants.
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The water produced after hydraulic fracturing contains chemical and needs to be treated before reusing or discharging. Shale gas production will increase significantly during the forecast period creating a demand for effluent treatment plants market.Stringent government regulations do not allow the discharge of wastewater before treatment. This has increased the demand of effluent water treatment plants across the globe. North America is expected to dominate the global effluent treatment plant market with huge amount of shale gas production projects and various other chemical, food industries that require water.
Some of the key players in the effluent treatment plants market include Nalco, ETP Services Limited, WOG Group, Tirubala Tri Environment Pvt. Ltd., Jet Inc., Toro Equipment, WPL Limited, Gulf Industrial Services Company LLC, AECOM Gee & Co Limited, ADI Systems Inc. and Biwater among others.
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